Desc: Vandenberg and Kuse’s Mental Rotation Task (1978) is a common test measuring mental rotation ability. It is often claimed that there are gender differences between participants.
Classification: Mental rotation; Rotation of Blocks
Desc: The Hidden-Figure-Test is used as a measure of spatial orientation skills. The task is to identify geometric forms that are hidden in a complex visual configuration. It requires to eliminate irrelevant information as drawing, and often rotation, and concentration.
Classification: Geometric form identification; elimination of irrelevant spatial information.
Desc: This experiment tests which set of assertions participants accept as consistent for causal relations and if content plays a role.
Classification: Three-term series problem; consistency task; causal reasoning
Desc: This experiment presents participants with abstract map-like drawings and cut-outs. Participants have to find the cut-outs in the map. To successfully solve the map-like problems participants require a number of specific mental sub-processes, such as mental rotation, angle or mirror discrimination.
Classification: Reasoning with maps; Visual stimuli; decision task
Desc: This experiment tests the emotions we typically connect with specific words.
Classification: Emotion Classification
Logfiles SoundExpression 2:
Desc: The experiment tests if humans use weak completion or well-founded semantics and how they deal with positive cycles in logic programs. While in a well-founded model atoms involved in positive cycles are false, they are mapped to unknown under the weak completion semantics. In order to determine which semantics is more adequate for human reasoning, it is necessary to investigate which conclusions are typically drawn by human reasoners with respect to cyclic conditionals. The results of the psychological study have been published (Dietz, Hölldobler, & Ragni, 2013).
Classification: Nonmonotonic Reasoning; contradictions; conditional reasoning; well-founded semantics
Desc: This experiment tests how participants rate given facial expressions according to a list of emotions. The goal is to test, how good participants are able to identify specific emptions in given facial presentations.
Classification: Rating of facial expression’s; Ekstrom’s Emotion rating
Desc: This experiment investigates which sequences are most easily recognized.
Classification: Pattern recognition; sequences
In this experiment we presented participants with verbal descriptions about cardinal directions of three stimuli. One third of the problems were determinate (i.e., allowing only for one arrangement), one third indeterminate (allowing for more than one possible arrangement), and one third with negated spatial information (implying as well an indeterminate arrangement). The results show an increase in reasoning difficulty (i.e., error rates from determinate over indeterminate to negated relations), but are slightly different to the first experiment in the accepted arrangements.
Classification: Arrangements of three objects; Verbal presentation (English); Large-scale relations
In this experiment we presented participants with the arrangement of three stimuli. One third of the problems were determinate (i.e., allowing only for one arrangement), one third indeterminate (allowing for more than one possible arrangement), and one third with negated spatial information (implying as well an indeterminate arrangement). The results show an increase in reasoning difficulty (i.e., error rates from determinate over indeterminate to negated relations). The brain activations show additional actication for negated stimuli.
Classification: fMRI-study; Arrangement of three objetcs; Visual presentation